New Harbour (Antarktika)

New Harbor
Der New Harbour (Mitte unten), Mündungszone des Ferrar-Gletscher (Bildmitte)
Der New Harbour (Mitte unten), Mündungszone des Ferrar-Gletscher (Bildmitte)

Der New Harbour (Mitte unten), Mündungszone des Ferrar-Gletscher (Bildmitte)

Geographische Lage77° 36′ S, 163° 51′ O
New Harbor (Antarktis)
New Harbor (Antarktis)
Breite16 km
ZuflüsseCommonwealth Stream, Double Curtain Glacier, Ferrar-Gletscher, Herbertson-Gletscher, Weatherwax-Gletscher

Der New Harbour (deutsch: Neuhafen) ist eine Bucht von 16 Kilometern Breite zwischen Kap Bernacchi und dem Butter Point an der am McMurdo-Sund gelegenen Ostküste des antarktischen Viktorialands. Sie ist das Mündungsgebiet des Ferrar-Gletschers. Die Landspitze Baker Point liegt an der Südseite der Einfahrt zur Explorers Cove im New Harbour.

Entdeckt und benannt wurde die Bucht von Teilnehmern der Discovery-Expedition (1901–1904) unter der Leitung des britischen Polarforschers Robert Falcon Scott auf der Suche nach einem weit südlich gelegenen Ankerplatz für das Expeditionsschiff RSS Discovery.

  • New Harbor. In: Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior, archiviert vom Original; (englisch).
  • New Harbor auf (englisch)

Auf dieser Seite verwendete Medien

Antarctica relief location map.jpg
Autor/Urheber: Alexrk2, Lizenz: CC BY-SA 3.0
Physische Positionskarte Antarktis, Mittabstandstreue Azimutalprojektion
Ferrar Glacier, Antarctica (15473959520).jpg
Autor/Urheber: NASA on The Commons, Lizenz: No restrictions

Description Remote, frigid, and often treacherous to traverse, Antarctica has always posed a challenge to the explorers and scientists who work there. As a result, remote-sensing scientists have steadily worked to develop detailed, accurate imagery of the continent—both to support research on the ground and to better study the continent from a safer vantage point. In November 2007, NASA, the U.S. Geological Survey, and the British Antarctic Survey jointly released a new image mosaic of Antarctica. Development of the mosaic was funded by the U.S. National Science Foundation. Known as the Landsat Mosaic of Antarctica (LIMA), this map is made of imagery that has a spatial resolution (level of detail) of 15 meters per pixel, the most detailed satellite mosaic of the icy continent yet created. LIMA is comprised of Landsat images acquired between December 25, 1999, and December 31, 2001. This image shows a small portion of the mosaic around Ferrar Glacier, in the Dry Valleys near McMurdo Station. To create this image, data visualizers draped LIMA imagery over a digital elevation model to give a three-dimensional effect. The elevation shown is actual elevation (no exaggeration), and the perspective looks inland from the Ross Sea. Although many people think of Antarctica as entirely blanketed by snow, the continent sports some areas of bare ground, and the Dry Valleys are a prominent example. Many years of relentless wind have swept these valleys clean of their snow cover. The same wind has also created blue ice. Ice absorbs a small amount of red light, but snow crystals are too small to show this light-absorption effect. Composed of larger ice crystals, however, blue ice makes the red light absorption more obvious. In this image, blue ice appears near the top of the image, upstream from the Ferrar Glacier. (Another example of blue ice appears along Prince Olav Coast, captured by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer, or MODIS.) LIMA shows remarkable detail, such as the peaks and shadows of the Royal Society Range (between the Ferrar and Koettlitz Glaciers), and the dirty surface of the Koettlitz Glacier, covered by dust and rocks blown off the nearby bare ground. LIMA also captures fingers of snow reaching down into Taylor and Wright Valleys, and the pools of snow along Taylor Valley.